Schriften des Deutschen Palastina-Instituts 4. For centuries, theologians have claimed Gehenna represents the place of infernal torment of the souls of the wicked. According to the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda, Menasseh got a share in Olam Ha-Ba[25] The worst part of Gehenna is called Tzoah Rotachat. The Bible speaks of Judahites who sacrificed their children to Molech in Jerusalem’s Ben Hinnom Valley; the practice was forbidden and considered abominable (Jeremiah 32:35; Leviticus 18:21; 2 Chronicles 28:3). This was the main street, or … The valley is south of the city. It is located by Josephus between Jerusalem and Bethlehem (Ant., VII, iv, i; xii, 4). 4. Not far distant thence was the south-east corner. The Gate Miphkad: the Vulgar calls it, The Gate of Judgment. By 70 AD, the area was not only a burial site but also a place for cremation of the dead with the arrival of the Tenth Roman Legion, who were the only group known to practice cremation in this region. The meaning of “Hinnom” and “children of Hinnom” would suggest that it is a proper name, perhaps of the original Jebusite owner). The name is derived from a geographical site in Jerusalem known as the Valley of Hinnom, one of the two principal valleys surrounding the Old City. 23:10; 2 Chr. the valley of Rephaim, as it is called ( 2 Samuel 5:18) , and here Mount Moriah, as it was to the west of the valley of Hinnom, it was to the north of the valley of Rephaim; which valley, as Josephus F14 says, was not far from Jerusalem, twenty furlongs from it. The valley of Hinnom has a detailed history in the Bible. and transl. ... of Jerusalem, the Jebusites (brackets mine).40 As yet, no trace has been located through archaeological search in Ben- Hinnom or in the Kidron Valley. The valley of Hinnom has a detailed history in the Bible. The Kidron, Hinnom, and Tyropoeon Valleys intersect in an area just south of the Old City of Jerusalem. ... Heider and Mosca conclude, in fact, that a form of child sacrifice was a part of state-sponsored ritual until the reform of the ...", Richard S. Hess, Gordon J. Wenham Zion, City of Our God. "Dictionary and Word Search for geenna (Strong's 1067), "G5590 - psychē - Strong's Greek Lexicon (NKJV)", "G1067 - geenna - Strong's Greek Lexicon (KJV)", "BibleGateway - : hell [search] -- New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE), 4th Edition", Short guide to today's Valley of Hinnom, with biblical story, Columbia Encyclopedia on the Valley of Hinnom, Biblical Proper Names on the Valley of Hinnom, What is Gehenna Like? ", Mark 9:45: "It is better for you to enter life lame, than having your two feet, to be cast into Gehenna. These ideas are probably due to the identification of the eastern valley, on account of its propinquity to the Temple, as the scene of the last judgment - the "Valley of Jehoshaphat" of Joel 3:2 - and the consequent transference there of the scene of the punishment of the wicked, Gehenna, after the ancient geographical position of the Valley of Hinnom, had long been lost. Bridges were even built to span the distance between the two hills. The picture of Gehenna as the place of punishment or destruction of the wicked occurs frequently in classic rabbinic sources. In the reign of Josiah a call came from Jeremiah to destroy the shrines in Topheth and to end the practice Jeremiah 7:31–32, 32:35. 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