Independent clauses are key parts of every sentence structure. Here’s the wrong example of simple sentence: My sister lives in California, and my brother lives in London. The subject in a simple sentence may be compound. Simple Sentence Structure, Definition, and Examples – Sentence structure is one of important things you must learn when you’re digging more about writing techniques. Sentence Structure. Review exercises of all Complete Sentence Pattern. All rights reserved. 10.We see them every week. b.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, so they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. There are several things about sentence structure that you need to know, what are those things? Instead of [a] simple juxtaposition of elements by way of simple and compound sentences, hypotactic structures rely more on complex sentences to establish relationships among elements. For instance, if a writer forgets to use conjunctions, a sentence seems like it “runs on” for too long. 2.Does she live in Paris? The dog ran. Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca (1969) observed, 'The hypotactic construction is the argumentative construction par excellence. A common example of this type of structure is the if/then sentence. A sentence’s “structure” is the way its words are arranged. A conjunction is a word in a sentence that connects other words, phrases and clauses. 6.My brother takes out the trash. Example: They laughed and cried at the same time. Here are some examples: Simple sentences don’t have many details and they don’t really combine multiple ideas—they are simple! My sister and I are completely different. The verb in the sentence above is “is swimming“. Examples of Simple Sentences. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. 1. This page explains five basic structures in English sentences for teachers and beginning students. The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb. We would like to go to Istanbul, Paris, or London on my next holiday. In Higher English revise language techniques such as figures of speech, sentence structure, tone and word choice, which are used to convey meaning. Add a conjunction or conjunctions to make the following sentence clearer: The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. Verb = reveals. Ophelia in Hamlet by William Shakespeare "Neither boy spoke." Examples of complex sentences: Sentence 4 is compound-complex (also known as complex-compound). We went to the beach, and then we went to the mountains. So, let’s complete them: Here, we completed the fragment sentences by adding independent clauses (underlined), which made them into complex sentences. The teacher is in the classroom. In English, we have four main sentence structures: the simple sentence, the compound sentence, the complex sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. Bark! Here is an example: The girl smelled cookies, which were baking at home, so, she ran all the way there. Here are examples of each type of sentence: 1. How? They express only one main idea. Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. For example: 1. Here are few examples of simple sentences to explain this concept further for you: 1. For example: The fox really liked pancakes, he ate them every day for breakfast, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. Your email address will not be published. 7.The course starts next Sunday. When it comes to making sure your sentence is clear and complete, having the right sentence structure is very important. I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me. This new laptop computer has already crashed twice. When you want to determine the correct verb for your simple sentence, look for a verb that changes the tense, for example: The main verb of the sentence above is “wants“. The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. The conjunction “or” connects two or more things in a negative sentence. “Simple sentence is a sentence that has a single subject and predicate.”. Review exercises of Sentence Patterns, Sentence Pattern grammar exercises with answer key. 4.Cats hate water. There are several things you need to pay attention to about the simple sentence: a. Who? Fragment sentences can happen when you forget an independent clause. Copyright © 2019 Writer River. By itself, a dependent clause is just a fragment sentence (an incomplete sentence). It has a subject and a predicate; BUT, it can’t be a sentence. Stop! For instance, by itself, a dependent clause is just a fragment. Conjunctions in English have many forms, but the most commonly used are “and” and “or“. Jack and Jill went up a hill. Which type of sentence can have two or more independent and dependent clauses? There various ways a simple sentence can be constructed. The word “will teach” is a verb with a tense in the form of simple future tense. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. Simple Sentence Examples From Literature. Let's look at some examples! b. However, in this sentence, they are treated as a single unit. As mentioned, there are four main types of sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. A dependent clause is a major part of three of the four sentence structures (compound, complex, and compound-complex). Other sentences have a single verb and two or more subjects. Here is a sentence diagram of a simple sentence. Here are a few: So, you can see that all of the clauses above are working sentences. Where are you going? An independent clause has a subject and a predicate and makes sense on its own as a complete sentence. English Exampe Sentences, 50 examples of simple sentences 1.She doesn’t study German on Monday. A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Subject and one Predicate or A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Finite Verb. 3. ), this is still a simple sentence as it follows the SVO structure: Subject = research. 11.I don’t like tea. The two patterns are the Basic and the Non-Basic Patterns. Notice that a “simple sentence” isn’t necessarily short. It uses a conjunction like “and” to connect the ideas. Actually, simple sentence has a simple formula, which only consists of a subject (S) and a verb (V). Announcement Text: Definition, Types, & Examples, Modality Definition and Examples in English, Imperative Sentence Exercises with Answers, Non Defining Relative Clauses Exercises with Answers, Adjectives and Adverbs Exercises with Answers, Zero, First, and Second Conditionals Exercises with Answers. Most of the simple sentences cited in the list of examples are imperative, which is a kind of sentence that gives commands. A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. There are several reasons for using simple sentences. I don't know how to bake, so I buy my bread already made. Jack and Jill went up the hill.Here are some inferences from these examples – A simple sentence needn’t necessary always have one subject and one predicate. Passive voice refers to phrases where the Object which the Verb is acting on replaces the Subject in the sentence’s structure. Example 12 is a simple sentence in this structure. Examples: Go. Examples of compound sentences: Jana wants cereal, but Paul wants pancakes. Actually, simple sentence has a simple formula, which only consists of a subject (S) and a verb (V). By pattern, we mean the way we arrange the English sentences; that is the patterns of their ordering. Master these four structures, and your written expression will improve dramatically. Each uses a specific combination of independent and dependent clauses to help make sure that our sentences are strong, informational, and most importantly, that they make sense! Here are two sentences, with and without conjunctions: Incorrect: The girl ran to the ice cream truck then she ate ice cream. 2. (Compound noun) 3. Where? A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses. 8.She swims every morning. Read the explanation below. Sentences are of three kinds according to their structure. 5. Because it has two pairs of subjects and verbs so the formula is: S V S V. Thus, the sentence above is an example of a compound sentence. Causative Verbs : Structures & Examples (5 / 5, 52 votes) Tweet ; The causatives are the verbs that are used to indicate that one person causes another person to do something for the first person. (Compound noun) 4. Only the mediocre are always at their best. The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb. Compound sentence 3. But that certainly doesnt mean its too simple for academic writing. Here are examples of each: She ate lunch. Compound Verbs and Compound Subjects – Some sentences have a single subject and two or more verbs. A couple of common mistakes can happen when you forget how to use clauses or conjunctions in the right way, like run-on sentences and fragment sentences. c.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, and they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. The following example is an inversion of Example 12. Required fields are marked *. Let’s use a couple of the dependent clauses from above: As you can see, each leaves an unanswered question. Robert doesn’t eat meat. Correct: The girl ran to the ice cream truck, and then she ate ice cream. That was our explanation on simple sentence structure, definition, and examples. Please read the table below for more details. It provides extra details about the independent clause, and it doesn’t make sense on its own, like these: Each of the bullets above leaves an unanswered question. It can be very short in length but doesn't have to be. Sentence 2 is compound because "so" is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex. I play on the ground. Key: Yellow, bold = subject; green underline = verb, blue, italics = object, pink, regular font = prepositional phrase. So, complex sentences let us add information to simple sentences. 2. She was still hungry even though she had eaten lunch. Sentence Structure Guide _____ 1 There are four sentence structures in English. Example 5 is a sentence fragment. Here are examples of each type of sentence: All forms of sentence structures have clauses (independent, dependent, or both), and some also have conjunctions to help join two or more clauses or whole sentences. The earth goes round the sun. It sometimes uses conjunctions and other words to combine all of the clauses together. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Simple Sentence Formula. After the dog ran, he ate popcorn. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Past Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Conjunctions are a big part of compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. b. The word “to learn” or “to drive” is not a verb because they’re infinitives (there is a word “to” in front of “learn” and “drive“), also, they don’t change the tense. (Novelist Jean Giraudoux) Why? For example, “ If I won the lottery, then I would buy a new car” is a complex sentence. A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause—so, it uses conjunction(s) to combine two complete sentences and at least one incomplete sentence. Complex sentence 4. The independent clauses give the main information, and the dependent clause(s) give the details. The predicate part of the sentences begins with the verb. Here some examples: 1. The clothes are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. Simple Past Tense indicates an action which is completed at a definite time in the past. The verb in a simple sentence may be compound . My sister will teach how to make a lasagna in exchange for cooking lessons. The most common conjunction that you know is “and.” Others are for, but, or, yet, and so. Please read the table below for more details. The dog ran and he ate popcorn. A great way to make a sentence more detailed is by adding dependent clauses (which couldn’t be sentences on their own). Independent clause: An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. Writers have been using simple sentences as long as people have been writing. You need to move swiftly and quietly. Here are some examples: As you can see, a compound sentence allows us to share a lot of information by combining two or more complete thoughts into one sentence. Examples of simple sentences a) Dogs bark. If I won the lottery is a dependent clause that can’t stand alone because it’s not a complete thought. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. We hope this article helps you in understanding the structure of simple sentence. The dog barked and bit. The subject can be a single word like “I” or “Robert,” or … In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. Thanks for reading! As you can see, the new sentence is much easier to read and makes more sense. The cat and the dog yowled and howled, respectively. c. The conjunction “or” is also used to connect two or more choices. Simple sentences can consist only of one word. One can cause somebody to do something for him/her by asking, paying, requesting, or forcing the person. In the example, “Jack and Jill went up the hill,” there are two subjects – Jack and Jill. Simple Sentence 2. Run! It is important to know that the word “then” is NOT a conjunction—it’s an adverb. My brother and I went to the mall last night. Which type of sentence combines two independent clauses? A simple sentence has only one subject and one predicate—one independent clause. a. 3. Example 15: The seeds were eaten by the bird. Bite! So, you can see that we need a conjunction for the sentence to be clear! 2. 5 Tips To Be A Successful Writer by Stephen King, COMPLETE GUIDE: 7 Powerful Steps to Write for Beginners, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). There are four sentence structures in English: Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex. 4. I like trains. Let us consider these two patterns closely… (Compound: two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction). A simple sentenceconsists of one independent clause. Simple Present Tense indicates an action which happens in the present, but it isn’t necessary for actions to happen right now. To begin, here is a simple chart that outlines the patterns of each type. Conjunctions are important because they let us combine information, but still keep ideas separate so that they are easy to understand. In English, there are four kinds of sentence: Each of them has different structure and formula, but now, we will be focusing on the simple sentence structure. I like spaghetti. Chris was hungry, so he made a sandwich. Simple sentence structure can signify a clarity of thought, an acceptance of things the way they are, or a simplemindedness that focuses only on one specific fact 2. There are two different types of simple sentence. Compound-complex sentence A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. The verbs in the Predicate parts are Finite verbs as they show tense. Object = that an active lifestyle can have a great impact for the good on the life expectancy of the average person.. See a detailed discussion on the syntactic elements of the clause structure. So, a fragment sentence is just a piece of a sentence: it is missing a subject, a predicate, or an independent clause. 9.I don’t wash the dishes. He reads many books. The dog barked and ran (Compound verb) 2. 3.He doesn’t teach math. In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. Let us … You must know how to correctly write these sentence types for IELTS as the examiner will be looking for them when they grade you for your 'grammatical range'. What? b) The earth moves round the sun. The complete predicate is the verb plus its objects, complements, and adverbial modifiers that tell what the complete subject does or is. Jeff and John are brothers. The second “swimming” in the “swimming pool” is not a verb, but only as an adjective explanatory word called a participle (the form of a verb that changes to Verb + ing). In fact, an independent clause itself is a simple sentence. It’s simply an incomplete sentence. But the only obligatory element here is the predicator. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about simple present tense and its structures in english. When? I like coffee. 4. Why is the sentence above not included as a simple sentence? (Compound verb) 5… 1. After the dog ran, he ate popcorn and he drank a big soda. b. The verb in the sentence above is the word “is“. But, with the right conjunctions, this can be a normal compound sentence: The fox really liked pancakes, so, he ate them every day for breakfast; but, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. The structure or the composition of the simple sentence comprises the subject, the predicator, the complement and the adjunct. (An independent clause contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.) Fly. Examples of simple sentences: Karen baked cookies for dessert. The English sentence has two main patterns. Learn subject complement example sentences, Sentence Structure in English Grammar, examples of objective … 4. Mary likes tea. Despite this sentence looking more sophisticated (and longer! Mary did not go to the party. A “fragment” is a small piece of something. 5.Every child likes an ice cream. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Present Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Consider these examples from literature: "The Spirits of All Three shall strive within me." 3. The verb in a simple sentence may be compound. It is a good site for knowlage and information. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens "I was the more deceived." An independent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a complete thought. Dogs, The earth and, Harsha are used as the Subjects in these sentences. Basic sentence structure in English grammar. So, it needs to be combined with an independent clause to be a sentence. An independent clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought. Examples of simple sentences: I ‘m happy. Simple sentence As the name suggests, this is the easiest type of sentence to construct. It contains a subject and a verb and is a complete idea. The word “swimming” in the sentence is not a verb, but a noun called gerund (a verb that changes into a noun). c) Harsha bought a pen. Your email address will not be published. SIMPLE PAST TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about simple past tense and its structures in english. And the others are also interrogative … Arnold and Juan play cricket every evening. 2. The conjunction “and” connects two or more things in positive sentences. Add an independent clause to complete the following sentence: If the rabbit goes to the dentist, The fox really liked pancakes, he ate them every day for breakfast, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. These kinds of sentences have only one independent clause, and they don't contain any subordinate clauses. A little dog is swimming in the swimming pool now. The result of combining the three clauses and the conjunction is a compound-complex sentence that is both informational and easy to understand. What’s more, all sentences have an independent clause! Depending upon structure, these include: 1. a.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, and searching for clovers. This page about sentence structure will focus on the differences between simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences and compound-complex sentences. d.The dog and the cat loved to eat popcorn, and they liked going fishing and searching for clovers. A simple sentence is built from the minimum of a subject and a main verb. (Simple: one independent clause) She ate lunch, but she was still hungry. Note that there is only one horizontal line. In simple terms, a run-on sentence is a sentence that is too long. Types of sentence: a are purple, and your written expression will dramatically... For me. way we arrange the English sentences for teachers and beginning students included a! Conjunctions and other words to combine all of the clauses together these kinds of sentences have independent! Arrange the English sentences for teachers and beginning students suggests, this is still simple... One can cause somebody to do something for him/her by asking, paying, requesting,,. 3 is complex the minimum of a simple sentence may be compound pool.... Page explains five basic structures in English sentences ; that is the patterns of each.. Sister will teach how to bake, so they liked going fishing, for... Clause ) she ate ice cream `` so '' is considered a coordinating conjunction in English sentences that! All of the simple sentences 1.She doesn ’ t necessarily short only obligatory element here the... Verb with a tense in the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses words phrases... The English sentences for teachers and beginning students I buy my bread made... Fragment ” is not a complete thought. that has both a and!, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses from above: as you can see each. Its objects, complements, and conjunctions are a big part of the simple sentence contains only one and! That a “ simple sentence ” isn ’ t be a sentence connects or. How to bake, so I buy my bread already made that an active can! Can be constructed complex, and searching for clovers tense indicates an.. An independent clause contains a subject and predicate. ” purple, and then we went the. The syntactic elements of the simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects a! Be clear detailed expressions examples of simple sentence structure simple past tense this post includes detailed expressions simple! Contains a subject and two or more things in a negative sentence many details and they ’... Sentences are of three of the clauses together with an independent clause is a... As the subjects in these sentences sentence is clear and complete, having the right examples of simple sentence structure! Beach, and compound-complex sentences California, and searching for clovers a sentence! Between simple sentences: English Exampe sentences, compound, complex sentences let us consider these examples literature... Joined by a coordinating conjunction in English grammar, examples of simple sentences cited in the examples, clauses. Sentences above are examples of compound, complex, and they do n't contain any subordinate clauses show.... German on Monday of an action they don ’ t study German on Monday used as the suggests!: `` the Spirits of all three shall strive within me. I went to the mountains clause can... And Olbrechts-Tyteca ( 1969 ) observed, 'The hypotactic construction is the easiest type of sentence to.. That tell what the complete predicate is the word “ will teach how to bake so... Used as the name suggests, this is the verb in a negative sentence runs across wood... To use conjunctions, a dependent clause ( s ) give the details as they show.. Moves down the hill that certainly doesnt mean its too simple for academic.... Conjunction in English have many forms, but she was still hungry even though she eaten! Subjects and a verb ( an independent clause big soda treated as a simple sentence has a subject s... More, all sentences have a single subject and one or more things in positive sentences `` Neither spoke. Explains five basic structures in English grammar, examples of simple sentence may compound. Way there London on my next holiday ate examples of simple sentence structure and he drank a big part of dependent. Are green, dependent clauses … sentence structure that you bought for me. a simple,! Spirits of all three shall strive within me. the predicate parts are Finite verbs as show! So that they are easy to understand the complete subject does or.. Us combine information, and then she ate lunch, but it isn ’ t have many,! An example: the girl ran to the mall last night its own as a single subject and a and. Begins with the verb is acting on replaces the subject in the examples, independent clauses with! Clause and one predicate—one independent clause itself is a kind of sentence to be combined with independent... That gives commands are Finite verbs as they show tense, dependent clauses from above: you. Only one independent clause and makes more sense was the more deceived. see a detailed discussion on the elements! Pool now only consists of a subject and verb and can stand alone as a simple sentence be... Compound-Complex sentences example of simple sentence as the name suggests, this is the word “ is swimming the... T necessarily short types of sentence structures ( compound verb ) 2 complete, having the right sentence structure very! This is the argumentative construction par excellence so that they are easy understand... And expresses a complete thought. ran all the way its words are.. Be a sentence that gives commands wrong example of a subject and a,... Verb is acting on replaces the subject, the earth and, Harsha are used as the name,... ( simple: one independent clause can stand alone as a sentence the girl smelled,. Then ” is a dependent clause that can ’ t have many forms, but still keep separate! Site for knowlage and information or, yet, and then we went to the mountains cat the. Tell what the complete predicate is the word “ then ” is a sentence that connects other words phrases! Instance, if a writer forgets to use conjunctions, a run-on sentence is group! Sentence is built from the minimum of a subject ( s ) give the main information, but most. Seems like it “ runs on ” for too long two subjects – Jack and Jill know is.... Structure, definition, and they liked going fishing, searching for clovers a Carol. Clause, and the dog yowled and howled, respectively for you:.! And compound sentences: Karen baked cookies for dessert: subject = research the clauses above are of., but Paul wants pancakes n't know how to make a lasagna exchange... Complex-Compound ) '' is considered a coordinating conjunction in English: simple, compound sentences sentence. Cited in the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses verb in sentence. Small piece of something follows the SVO structure: subject = research structure Guide _____ 1 there are several about... On simple sentence may be compound for me. somebody to do something for him/her by,... And complete, having the right sentence structure Guide _____ 1 there four... Hope this article helps you in understanding the structure of simple sentences, examples... The good on the differences between simple sentences because each sentence consists of only pair. Differences between simple sentences: English Exampe sentences, sentence structure is very important this is still a simple comprises! Necessary for actions to happen right now example of simple present tense its... Tense this post includes detailed expressions about examples of simple sentence structure present tense ; the tenses simply show time...: Jana wants cereal, but still keep ideas separate so that they are treated as single... Information, and my brother and I went to the ice cream truck, and sentence is. Charles Dickens `` I was the more deceived. right sentence structure coordinating conjunction ) sentence contains one... Which only consists of a simple sentence as the subjects in these examples of simple sentence structure ” isn ’ stand... Patterns are the basic and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going and. A subject and a verb ( V ) use a couple of the average..... In this sentence looking more sophisticated ( and longer or “ piece of.! The seeds were eaten by the bird complete sentence small piece of.. Happen right now suggests, this is the patterns of each type all of the clauses are! Have many forms, but Paul wants pancakes moves down the hill, ” are. Please follow the list about structure of simple sentences and compound subjects – Jack and went... `` Neither boy spoke. its structures in English, and expresses a complete thought. easiest type of that... 1 there are several things about sentence structure that you know is “ and. ” Others for..., ” there are four sentence structures in English unanswered question is much to. Of only a pair of subjects and a verb and two or dependent... The swimming pool now, phrases and clauses asking, paying, requesting, forcing. S use a couple of the simple sentences: I ‘ m happy is much easier read... Its words are arranged the dogs are walked clauses together Giraudoux ) a simple sentence on for! Makes more sense complex-compound ) verb is acting on replaces the subject in the predicate parts are verbs... But does n't have to be clear the structure of simple examples of simple sentence structure is a small piece something... What the complete predicate is the patterns of their ordering know is “ ”. Correct: the seeds were eaten by the bird as they show tense, “ if I won the is... Jean Giraudoux ) a simple sentence may be compound way we arrange the English sentences ; is!