They felt that the British had no right to interfere in their religion and customs. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in… One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Champaran Satyagraha of 1917: It was the first satyagraha inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. Vereshchagin painted Suppression of the Indian Revolt in 1884 after a trip to British India. Rumours in 1857 made sense in context of the policies pursued by the British from late 1820’s as follows: (i) Reforms of william Bentinck in education. Dr S.N. The British presence began to rule in 1780, British men started to wed Indian women, while in 1820, only 1 in every 7 Indian women were married to Brits. 20,000+ Learning videos. Company officials who abused or even murdered Indians were seldom punished properly: Even if they were tried, they were rarely convicted, and those who were convicted could avoid punishment by filing endless appeals. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Delhi. The Revolt of 1857 which began in Meerut spread to other parts of _____ India. This was the first massive rebellion fought for Indian Independence when masses united to rebel against the British Government in 1857. George Lawerence and he sent 15th Bengal Native Infantry located in Ajmer to Nasirabad due to which the dissatisfaction among the soldiers was born. The farmers in the Champaran district of Bihar were being forced to grow indigo. 1 The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of Sepoys in the town of Meerut. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). The seeds of nationalism began to be sown during the Revolt of 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. (ii) Reforms like abolition of sati. The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59 When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). Late in the afternoon of 10 May 1857, the sepoys in the cantonment of Meerut broke out in mutiny. This time to rebel had come as this was beyond their patience and submission. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English is a late-19th-century painting by Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin.The work depicts several Sepoys being executed by being "blown from a gun" in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. History. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The British decided to suppress this powerful revolt with great severity. It was a result of the anger against the government. The revolt began at Meerut, gathering force rapidly, vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the British rule. By far most of the genuine battles were bound to the Delhi region, Bihar, northern MP, and UP areas. Zamindars lost their zamindari rights because they could not fulfill the high land revenue demand o the British. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Revolt of 1857 was started by the company’s sepoys. His actual birthday…. (function(d, s, id) { The soldiers had to bite off the greased cartridge before loading it in the gun. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. Rani Laxmi Bai was defeated and killed in June 1858. Subsequently, joined by the peasants, artisans, marginalized farmers, common men became the first national revolt against Britishers. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. The reasons for that are: Bahadur Shah was not the best leader, he was old and could not lead the revolt There was no centralised planning and control The revolt began on 10th May, 1857 from Meerut. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." British Crown took control of the administration of India from Company after Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The peasants, artisans and craftsmen suffered poor economic conditions under the British. The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were − Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, and; Arrah in Bihar. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. And continued to fight the guerilla War until captured and killed in June 1858 was... … the revolt began on 10th May, 1857 from Meerut soldier, but the British attack by the India. End to the jungles of Central India in 1857 religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the British independent from British! 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